Unlock the Mystery of Menopause: Discover What Happens to Your Hormones!

Unlock the Mystery of Menopause: Discover What Happens to Your Hormones!

“Unlock the Mystery of Menopause: Discover What Happens to Your Hormones!”


Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years. It usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, although it can happen earlier or later. It is a time of transition and can be accompanied by a variety of physical and emotional changes. One of the most significant changes that occur during menopause is a shift in hormone levels. Hormones play a vital role in regulating the body’s functions, and during menopause, the levels of certain hormones can fluctuate significantly. In this article, we will discuss what happens to your hormones during menopause and how these changes can affect your health.

Exploring the Role of Hormones in Menopause

Hormones play a major role in the onset and progression of menopause, and understanding their role can help women better manage the symptoms associated with this transition. The primary hormones involved in menopause are oestrogen and progesterone.


Oestrogen is a hormone that plays a crucial role in the female reproductive system and overall health. It is produced primarily by the ovaries and is responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, promoting the growth of the endometrium, and maintaining bone density. During menopause the ovaries produce less oestrogen, causing a variety of symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. Declining oestrogen levels are associated with the following peri-menopausal symptoms:

Hot flashes:  These occur because the decline in oestrogen affects the regulation of body temperature. This can cause sudden feelings of warmth and sweating, as the body tries to cool down.

Insomnia.  Apart from the obvious contribution of night sweats to interrupted nights, the decline in oestrogen levels has a disrupting effect on the sleep-wake cycle. Oestrogen helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle by suppressing the release of certain stress hormones, such as cortisol. When oestrogen levels drop, cortisol levels can rise, leading to increased feelings of stress and anxiety. 

Irritability and mood changes. Oestrogen plays an important role in regulating mood and emotions, so a decline in its levels can contribute to irritability and mood changes. Oestrogen works in the brain to regulate the release of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are involved in regulating mood, energy, and sleep. When oestrogen levels drop, the balance of these neurotransmitters can be affected, leading to changes in mood and emotions.

Vaginal dryness.  This occurs because oestrogen helps keep the tissues in the vagina healthy and moist. When oestrogen levels drop, the tissues can become thin, dry, and less elastic, leading to discomfort and an increased risk of infections.


Progesterone is a hormone that plays an important role in the female reproductive system. It is produced by the ovaries and helps regulate the menstrual cycle by preparing the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, for pregnancy. During ovulation, progesterone levels increase, preparing the uterus for the implantation of a fertilized egg. If pregnancy does not occur, progesterone levels drop, triggering menstruation. Progesterone also helps regulate the balance of oestrogen in the body and has a calming effect on the brain, which can help improve mood and alleviate symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Declining progesterone levels are associated with the following peri-menopausal symptoms:

Insomnia: Progesterone has a calming effect on the brain and helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle. When progesterone levels drop, this can lead to difficulties sleeping.

Anxiety and mood swings: Progesterone helps regulate the balance of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are involved in regulating mood and emotions. A decline in progesterone levels can contribute to mood swings and increased feelings of anxiety.

Heavy or irregular periods: Progesterone helps regulate the menstrual cycle by preparing the endometrium for pregnancy. When progesterone levels drop, the endometrium can become thick and overgrown, leading to heavy or irregular periods. 

PMS: Progesterone helps regulate the balance of oestrogen in the body, which is important for managing symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). A decline in progesterone levels can worsen PMS symptoms.

How to Manage Hormonal Changes During Menopause

Menopause is a natural process that all women experience as they age. During this time, women may experience a variety of physical and emotional changes due to hormonal fluctuations. While these changes can be difficult to manage, there are several strategies that can help women cope with the transition.

1. Exercise Regularly: Regular physical activity can help reduce the severity of menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and night sweats. Exercise can also help reduce stress and improve overall health.

2. Eat a Balanced Diet: Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can provide the nutrients and energy needed to support overall health during menopause.

3. Limit processed and high-fat foods: Processed and high-fat foods can contribute to weight gain and an increased risk of heart disease, which are common health concerns during menopause. Limiting these foods and choosing healthier options can help manage these symptoms.

4. Increase soy intake: Soy contains phytoestrogens, which are plant compounds that can mimic the effects of oestrogen in the body. Incorporating soy products, such as tofu and soy milk, into your diet can help alleviate hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms.

5. Get enough calcium and vitamin D: As oestrogen levels decline during menopause, the risk of osteoporosis increases. Eating a diet that is rich in calcium and vitamin D can help maintain bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Good sources of calcium include dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods, while vitamin D can be obtained from sun exposure, fatty fish, and fortified foods.

6. Limit alcohol and caffeine: Alcohol and caffeine can both disrupt sleep and worsen hot flashes, so it’s best to limit or avoid these substances.

7.  Get Enough Sleep: Getting enough sleep is essential for managing menopausal symptoms. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night to help reduce stress and fatigue.

8. Manage Stress: Stress can worsen menopausal symptoms, so it is important to find ways to manage stress. Taking time for yourself, engaging in relaxation activities, and talking to a therapist can all help reduce stress.

9. Talk to Your Doctor: If you are having difficulty managing your menopausal symptoms, talk to our functional medicine GP. She will be able to recommend medications or other treatments that can help. 


In conclusion, hormones play a significant role in the experience of menopause. Oestrogen and progesterone are two of the key hormones involved in regulating the menstrual cycle and maintaining overall health during this stage of life. The decline in these hormones during menopause can contribute to a variety of symptoms, including hot flashes, mood swings, sleep disturbances, and more. While these symptoms can be challenging, there are many ways to manage them, including hormone therapy, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques. By understanding the role that hormones play in menopause, women can take steps to maintain their overall health and well-being during this transition. It’s important to talk to your doctor about the best approach to managing your symptoms and finding the right treatment options for you.

Share Article

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - What you need to know
Functional Testing vs Mainstream testing
Mind, Body and Kintsugi: What we can learn from this ancient Japanese Art.
What is mindfulness?
10 strategies for building resilience
Back To The Future - Lifestyle Medicine
Active or exercising - what's the difference?
The Health Benefits of High Intensity Interval Training.
The Gut-Hormone Connection
Vigorous intermittent lifestyle physical activity (VILPA): The One-Minute Exercise That Could Save Your Life

Feeling overwhelmed with where to begin in order to reclaim your health? 

The Master Roadmap to Healthy Living  offers a personalized and comprehensive program that empowers you with expert guidance, the latest evidence-based information, and strategies to achieve optimal health.

Additional Resources

Related Articles

View Your Health Toolboxes